Hellloo, Back to here again than see you again. i'm happy to said that because, it's me like what did you like *aduhh aku keminggris banget yaa* sorry lho, aku kan juga pingin pinter bahasa inggris kek kalian-kalian ^^ oke sudah langsung saja yukk di bahas bersama..
Question 1 - 3 are based on the following text.
Parents send their children to school with the best of intentions, eiievingth1at formal education is what kids need to become productive, happy adults. Many parents do have qualms about how well schools are performing, but the conventional wisdom is that these issues can be resolved with more money, better teachers, more challenging
curricula, or more rigorous tests. But what ¡f the real problem is school itself? The unfortunate fact is that one of our most cherished institutions ¡s, bý its very nature, failing our children and our society.
Children are required to be in school, where their freedom is greatly restricted, far more than most adults would tolerate in their workspaces. ¡n recent decades, we have been compelling them to spend ever more time in this kind of setting, and there is strong evidence that this is causing psychological damage to many of them. And as
scientists have investigated how children naturally learn, they have realized that kids do so most deeply and fully, and with greatest enthusiasm, in conditions that are almost opposite to those of school.
Compulsory education has been a fixture of our culture now for several generations. President Obama and Secretary of Education Ame Duncan are so enamored of it that they want even longer school days and years. Most people assume that the basic design of today’s schools emerged from scientific evidence about how children
learn. But nothing could be further from the truth.
Schools are we know them today are producs of history, not of research. The blueprint for them was developed during the Protestant Reformation, when schools were created to teach children to read the Bible, to believe Scripture without questioning it, and to obey authority figures without questioning them. When schools were taken over by the state, made compulsory, and directed toward secular ends, the basic structure and methods of leaching remained unchanged. Subsequent attempts at reform have failed because they have not
altered basic blueprint. The top down, teach-and-test method, in vhich learning is motivated by a system of rewards and punishments rather than by curiosity or by any real desire to know, is well designed for indoctrination and obedience training but not much else. It is no wonder (that many of the world’s greatest entrepreneurs and innovators either left school early, like Thomas Edison) or said they hated school and learned despite it, not because
of ¡t (like Albert Einstein).
1. What is the topic of the text above?
A. Restrictions on children’s freedom at the US schools.
B. Parents’ expectation on reformation in American school system.
C. Restrictions on children’s freedom at the US schools.
D. Doubts on the effectiveness of American school systems.
E. Absence of a research-based schoól system in the USA.
2. What ¡s the purpose of the text?
A. To discuss if the American school system is truly effective to educate children.
B. To remind American parents that the formal school is basically a product of culture..
C. To tell the readers that formal in the USA have been constantly developed for a long time.
D. To review how compulsory education in the USA has met parents’ expectation.
E. To describe how American children school and in the real-life settings.
3. Which of the following is closest in meanin word “qualms” (line 2)?
Questions 4 - 9 are based on the following text
The process of global Warming and the destructive nature of wildflres have created a deadly cycle in which one constantly contributes to the other. Forest fires and global warming have created a dangerous relationship. The link between these two forces has become clear in recent years. As the climate becomes warmer, forests will become drier, spawning the perfect environment for fires. in addition, as forest fires continue and gain intensity, the trees release more carbon into the atmosphere which contributes to the greenhouse effect and which therefore causes global warming.
The increase in forest fires can now be seen as a factor which contributes to global warming. Trees, in the carbon cycle, are labeled a “sink” or a store for carbon. The ability of trees to store carbon dioxide has helped to reduce the amount of CO2 that is pumped into the atmosphere. But now that more trees are being burned through increased forest fires, this stored carbon is being released and the CO2 becomes part of the greenhouse gases that drive the greenhouse effects. So, we believe that extra fires intensify globál warming. Furthermore, carbon is released in the decomposition of the trees after the fire. There is no doubt that global warming and forest fires are linked to rising temperatures.
Global warming is a process which has been occurring for years and whose effects have been more intensively feit by 15 aIl of living creatures. Forest fires have also been recorded for years, but as mentioned they are a natural process. Therefore, it would be reasonable to attack global warming first. Much work has been done already to solve this problem. Some plans to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, such as Kyoto Protocol has been in place for years, but they have shown little results.
Some experts who care about global warming say that the solutions must start at home. People, who súffer from 20 immediate effect õf global warming, must realize that rnóst of their day to day activities contribute to climate change. But, reducing what is called a “carbon footprint” is not difficult, it can be as easy as changing travel methods, instead of driving to school or working everyday, biking or walking. Or it can be as easy as buying an energy efficient appliance, or switching the lights off in rooms which are not being used.
Leadership from ordinary pedple is what it will t’ake to fight against global warming. People must educate each other on 25 these harmful effects and make them known. But, this process will continue to damage forests around the world unless 5omething is done to reduce the effects of global warming.
4. what is the topic of the text?
A. Global warming and forest fires as factors contributing to rising temperatures.
B. The process of global warming abd the destructive nature.
C. Home solutions to anticipate the rising world temperature.
D. The greenhouse effect as a cause of global warming and forest fires.
E. The effects of global warming on the human civilization.
5. It is implied in the text that ....
A. people can comfortably survive living in the very hot world.
B. the number of scientists on global warming increases every year
C. world rising temperature can only be stopped by intelligent experts.
D. the education n the dangers of global warming has been well introduced.
E. All people must be actively involved in saving the world from destruction.
6. The text mentions all of the following, EXCEPT ....
A. the factors leading to world rising temperature
B. the solutions against global warming
C. the education about global warming
D. the site of global warming
E. the effects of forest fires
7. The purpose of the text is to ....
A. report the dangers of global warming for the survival of living creatures
B. persuade the reader to fight against the world rising temperature
C. argue for the importance of the efforts to stop global warming
D. compare between global warming aiid forest fires
E. describe the effects of global warming
8. The pronoun “they” (line 18) fefers to .... .
A. living creatures
B. gas emissions
C. some plans
D. whose effects
E. forest fires
9. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word “decomposition” (line 12)?
Questions 10 - 15 are based on the following text
The information and communication technology revolution can be easily recognized as the latest revo1utjo in the history of mankind, impacting every facet of business, society, and life worldwide with a speed beyond imagination. The last centuries have seen a continuous evolution process, which started with industrial revolution at the end of 18th century. This revolution has its roots in the invention of the first electronic computers in the 1940s, continued with the development of information technology during following decades and exploded in the early I 990s, in the I 960s and 1 970s, computer technology was mainly utilized in business data processing and scientific applications of a mostly number crunching nature. As a result, the use of this technology was limited to those who had a good command of these systems and computer programming languages. With the, invention of microprocessors a new idea of distributed information established itself and computers became available on a personal basis. The, contemporary development of networking both on a local and a wide area (LAN and WAN) merged computer and information technology with telecommunication. In 1980s, the matching of the two technologies led to the information communication technology, with a strong focus on the management and
dissemination of information by both providers and users.
The most noticeable explosion in the information and communication technology revolution was the creation of the World Wide Web (WWW) and its potential in the early 1990 s., During the past two decades, WWW technologies have become the driving force ¡n allowing people worldwide to communicate and exchange information in ways
that have created a totally new dimension for mankind, at such a point that “global villages” are the words today better describing our planet. In recent years, through the use of web-enabled, technologies, organizations of all types and sizes around the world have managed to utilize these technologies to conduct both information processing
and dissemination with their prospective customers, suppliers, students, and governments. These technologies, now allowing readily available information for everyone regardless of their geographic location, bring the true meaning of the information age to its full realization and prepare a new era for mankind: the knowledge society.
In recent years, the science of understanding the nature of information processing and management combined with computer and telecommunication technologies to process, disseminate, and manag information has become known as information and communication science and technology.” it has many resources and components and
originated many new disciplines but, what is more, it intervenes in changing mankind’s habits and lifestyle.
10. It can be inferred from paragraph 2 that .... .
A. information explosion occurred in the I 990s
B. information is avülable depending on geographical location
C. in the information age, people are networked together through technology
D. information is processed and distributed widely by organizations to create global villages
E. World Wide. Web was created to. answer the information and communication demand
11. The author organizes the ideas in the text by .... .
A. contrasting the technology of earlier years that of recent years
B. showing the revolution of teòhnology in different areas
C. explaining the cause and its effects of technology across different eras
D. emphasizing the characteristics of technology in each period
E. presenting the development of technology chronologically
12. Which of the following is true according to the text? .
A. The computer was only employed by those who understood the systems and programming languages in its early development.
B. Computers are primarily used for individuals.
C. In global villages every, individual is connected via World Wide Web.
D. An individual’s habit and lifestyle determine the way in the use of information and communication technology.
E. Everyone should always be aware of the future of information technology. . .
13. The purpose of the text is to ....
A. propose a new term, “global village”
B. describe a brief history of information and communication technology
C. present the causes of the communication revolution
D. provide ecamples of the massive use of the World Wide Web
E. explain the making of microprocessors
14. In which lines of the text does the a’uthor mention that everyone can access information anywhere?
A. 8-9 D. 20-22
B. 11-12 E. 22-24
C. 14-17 . .
15. Which of the following is closest in m eaning to the word “merged” (line 11)?
A. Combined D. Served
B. Helped E. Connected
Lagu nya Justin Bieber rupanya bagus-bagus juga yahh.. Hampir semuanya menjadi favourite saya. Sehingga saya menjadi ingin sekali bertemu dengannya langsung. Suaranya itu yang membuat sema wanita kangen kali ya? Atau karena ketampanannya ya? Wkwkk wah saya sudah malam makin error saja.
Yuk langsung saja back to point, terima kasih telah berkunjung ke blog @nifafani, nantikan postingan saya yang selanjutnya..